Dr. Maria Blanco ( UPM) e Iñigo Capellan ( PhD Student, Fundación Repsol Scholarship ) fueron entrevistados en el programa de divulgación científica”La mecanica del Caracol” de Radio Euskadi, durante el workshop organizado por Low Carbon Programme titulado “Biofuel Policy for a Low Carbon Future”, que se celebró en Bilbao el pasado 19 de Septiembre.
(English) Second annual Workshop organized by the Low Carbon Programme to be held today(19th September, Bilbao)
Disculpa, pero esta entrada está disponible sólo en English.
In 2009 the European Commission established a 6% drop in the carbon footprint of transport fuel by 2020 and the requirement of accounting for 10% of energy requirements of the transport sector to be met with renewable sources. Biofuel counts towards that requirement if it produces 35% emissions savings over fossil fuels (or 50% from 2017 onwards). But, when indirect land use changes of biofuel production are taken into account most varieties of biodiesel turn out to produce more emissions than bioethanol and often more than fossil fuels. In the United States the Environment Protection Agency did take the land-use effect into account in 2010, when it set standards for which fuels count as renewable. In Europe the biofuels industry and the energy and agricultural sectors argued that the science of indirect land use changes is not robust enough for policy and in October 2012 the commission finally proposed that food-crop fuel quotas be capped at only 5% of transport fuel by 2020 and that fuel suppliers had to report the total emissions of their fuels including land use figures produced by the IFPRI. But on June 20 this year the European Parliament’s energy committee voted to push the cap on food-crop fuels up to 6.5% and removed the stipulation that fuel suppliers report emissions using land-use change figures.
The 2012 ICCG Climate Think Tank Ranking is composed of a Global category and a European category. “Global” refers to think tanks whose headquarters are based outside the EU, and “European” refers to those based in the EU. The winners are:
- in the European category: the Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), founded in 2008 in Bilbao;
- in the Global category: the Belfer Center for Science and international Affairs, founded in 1973 in Cambridge, MA, USA, with its Environment and Natural Resources Program.
This is the first edition of the ICCG Climate Think Tank Ranking, which has assessed a selection of the main think tanks included in the Think Tank Map observatory as of December, 2012. The indicators are based on the criteria of per capita productivity for each think tank and have been carefully selected since 2012 when specific weights were assigned according to the feedback provided by experts in the field. The two categories differ by the number and type of assessment criteria: the criteria in the Global ranking are a subset of those in the European ranking. Therefore, the Global category does not encompass EU think tanks, which have two additional indicators (the number of EU projects and participation in the EU consultation process). About the Think Tank Map The Think Tank Map observatory , a project developed by the International Center for Climate Governance (ICCG) , was launched in 2011 as an instrument to provide a complete overview of active think tanks in the field of climate change economics and policy. The Think Tank Map is currently composed of 275 think tanks worldwide. The Think Tank Map is not only a showcase for every organization working on climate change economics and policy, but it is also a catalyst for new cooperation opportunities, allowing stakeholders, researchers, institutions, and the media to be informed on all the relevant activities and to engage in mutually beneficial partnerships.
Source: ICCG – Think Tank Map